We often think that only the outdoor air can be polluted, however, the air in your house may also contain harmful chemicals. The Environmental Protection Agency in the United States claims that spending 90 percentages of time at home with poor air quality can trigger great harm to the overall health.
Air pollutants inside the house can cause some health problems such as chest tightness, coughing, sore throats, frequent headaches, itchy or watery eyes, asthma attacks and shortness of breath.
There are many factors causing air pollution, some of which are radon gas, carbon monoxide, benzene, formaldehyde, trichloroethylene, and ammonia.
All these harmful pollutants can appear because of paint, cigarette smoke, chemicals in carpets, plastics, numerous furniture and building materials as well as cleaning solutions.
Nature can help us to get indoor air purification by supplying an effective, simple solution.
Decorating your house with some plants that clean the air will aid in naturally removing pollutants at home.
In fact, a NASA study in 1989 suggests that people should have at least a plant having the ability to purify the air for each of 100 square feet of office or home space. Today, we will give you a list of top 9 indoor plants that clean the air in your house. This writing will show the detailed information about indoor plants that you can place in your house to help in purifying the air from reliable sources. Keep reading this article to understand more!
Top 9 Indoor Plants That Clean The Air In Your House
1. Peace Lily
This is the first of top 9 plants that clean the air I want to show you. The peace lily is beneficial in breaking down and neutralizing harmful gasses such as formaldehyde, benzene, xylene, trichloroethylene, carbon monoxide, and ammonia contained in your house.
Besides, it can also absorb acetone and alcohol emitted due to adhesives, certain cleaners, and electronics from the air.
The peace lily needs indirect or medium sunlight. You just water it 1 or 2 times per week without letting water stand on it.
Plus, you have to use the liquid fertilizer to help it in growing generously for once per month.
To make it present the best air-cleansing ability, you should always keep the foliage clean.
In addition, this plant occasionally has white blooms during the summer, which will improve the interior of the office of home space.
2. Boston Fern
This plant is also very effective among plants that clean the air. It has the ability to get rid of formaldehyde found in pressed wood products and glues.
Boston fern can also eliminate toluene and xylene from the air. Additionally, it can help you to ease toxic metals such as arsenic and mercury from the soil.
Boston fern likes living with indirect sunlight. Nevertheless, a small bit of sunshine can promote its growth.
You should water it on a regular basis to keep the soil always hydrated. But you have to make sure that the soil will be not soggy.
Besides, you have to provide it with a balanced fertilizer 2 times per month. Remember to let this plant avoid cold drafts as well as warm air.
Boston fern can live in an environment with a fairly high level of humidity, so you may even let it stay in the bathroom. Plus, you can hang it on the basket to decorate your house or office.
3. Bamboo Palm
The bamboo is also called as the reed palm. Among plants that clean the air, it can assist in filtering out both trichloroethylene and benzene. When you place a bamboo near furniture, it will also help a lot in getting rid of formaldehyde.
The bamboo can grow better in shady spaces and is not difficult to care for. You just keep the soil hydrated and avoid watering too much as well as ensure a proper draining.
Besides, you should let it expose to cool drafts and remove wilted or dead leaves regularly.
The bamboo can make the landscape inside your house greater. It may grow from the height of from 4 to 8 feet and look beautiful when placed in corners. Additionally, it is also a friendly plant for pets.
4. Rubber Plant
The rubber plant is another of top 10 plants that clean the air. It is considered as an air purifier and strong toxin eliminator that you may grow indoors easily. The rubber plant is particularly beneficial in eliminating formaldehyde in the air. Plus, it also aids in removing carbon monoxide.
In order to grow the rubber plant, you should let it in the space of filtered, full or bright light and tropical, wet conditions. Do not forget to water it regularly and supply it with the high-nitrogen fertilizer monthly.
In addition, you should trim it regularly to keep it in size.
Use a soft cloth dipped in tepid water to gently wipe the deep and broad green leaves so that the plant is always shiny.
Another option is to use the rubber plant as a decorative element on the table or a windowsill or shelf. You may even put it on the floor near the entryway or next to the fireplace.
Note: Do not let the milky latex extracted from this plant contact to your skin because it can lead to skin irritation.
5. Florist’s Chrysanthemum
Also called as hardy garden mum or florist’s daisy, the florist’s chrysanthemum plant is an effective plant which can help to purify the air.
This kind of plants that clean the air has strong air-cleaning effects removing benzene, trichloroethylene, ammonia, formaldehyde, and various chemicals.
Florist’s chrysanthemum needs providing with bright and indirect light to properly grow. You should remember to water it regularly for twice or thrice weekly to maintain the soil’s humidity.
In addition, you should also supply it with the fertilizer once per month. It will have various colors of flower such as orange, red, white, lavender, and yellow.
6. Weeping Fig
This popular plant is one of the most common indoor plants, which has the ability to reduce harmful chemicals in the air. It is also helpful for eliminating chemicals such as formaldehyde and benzene as well as xylene.
The weeping fig can grow quickly in a bright space and just need directly absorb a little morning sunshine. Besides, you have to ensure that the soil is always moist.
This kind of plants that clean the air also needs being provided with enough fertilizer during the growing season. It is very sensitive to cold drafts and you should protect it from strong drafts.
The weeping fig has a spreading canopy and a single trunk. You can let it sit at your corner or in entryway and foyers.
7. Spider Plant
Often called as the airplane plant, the spider plant is a perennial herb helping to ease air pollution in the house. It can also help you to reduce formaldehyde, toluene, and xylene.
Spider plant is very easy to grow in the house and can put up with harsh weather. It will grow better if stayed in the indirect and bright.
You should water it regularly but do not let the soil get soggy.
The spider plant will make your home interior more beautiful. You can hang it or place in the corner of your house.
8. Snake Plant
The snake plant is also called as mother-in-law’s tongue and is another good plant you can grow in your office and house for air purification.
This plant can help to ease formaldehyde, benzene, and nitrogen oxide. Additionally, it will aid in decreasing the levels of carbon dioxide.
You can place the snake plant at a non-lighted area. It generally likes living in the drier conditions with a little sunshine. Therefore, you do not need to water it too much, particularly during the winter.
The bedroom is the best place to put this kind of plants that clean the air because it can boost a slight oxygen production when you sleep.
Or you can place it in the bathroom or corner in your office or house.
How to Propagate Snake Plants
Learning how to propagate snake plants is easy. It’s true that too much water can kill your plant, but rooting a snake plant in water is one of the most foolproof methods. You can also root the plant from cuttings, but the fastest way to get a new snake plant is to divide it. The plant grows out from rhizomes which mass together and multiply as the plant gets older. This method is no different than the one you use on your old perennials in the garden. Pick a method of snake plant propagation and let’s get to making babies.
Rooting a Snake Plant in Water
Choose a container tall enough to hold the leaf. Select a healthy leaf that is not too old and use clean, sharp shears to cut it off. Put the cut end of the leaf in just enough water to cover the bottom quarter of tissue. Place the container in an indirect light situation and change the water every couple of days. Soon you will see little roots. Plant the rooted leaf in sand or peat moss and follow usual snake plant care.
Propagating Snake Plants with Cuttings
This method is really no different than the water method, but it skips a step. Let the cut leaf callus over for a day or two, then insert the cut end into lightly moist sand in a container. Wait a couple of weeks and the plant will root on its own.
Snake Plant Propagation from Division
The mother-in-law tongue plant rises from thick, under-the-soil organs called rhizomes. These house the energy for leaf and stem growth. Pull the plant from its pot and use sharp shears or a hand saw to cut the base apart into sections. Usually just cut it in half unless the plant is really old and has masses of rhizomes. A good rule of thumb is at least three rhizomes plus one healthy leaf per new plant. Plant each new section in fresh potting medium.
9. Red-Edged Dracaena
This is known as an excellent air-purifying plant (plants that clean the air). Red-edged dracaena has wide and long leaves variegated with the red lines.
Red-edged dracaena may do the work of various smaller plants. It can assist in removing toxins inside your house such as benzene, xylene, formaldehyde, and trichloroethylene.
To grow this plant in your house, you have to always keep the soil moist without being soggy. It can have a height of up to 15 feet; hence, you will have to trim it if needed.
Because its leaves often accumulate dirt, you should use a damp cloth to wipe them regularly.
Indoor Plants That Clean The Air – Additional Tips
You should increase the ventilation inside your house to let fresh air come into it. This, in turn, helps a lot in removing indoor pollutants.
You can install a HEPA filter in the office or house.
If you use a gas stove, you’d better let the kitchen window be opened while you cook to ease the buildup of nitrogen dioxide.
Do not use house cleaning products containing ammonia, chlorine, and VOCs (volatile organic compounds).
Remember to bathe your pet on a regular basis. You can brush it outside in order to ease allergens in the house.
You should use hot water to rinse the bedding once per week if you can and let it dry in the direct sunshine.
Use a dust mop or damp cloth to dust everything in your house.
Avoid using chemical air fresheners because they have toxic chemicals.
You can make a homemade air freshener by mixing essential oils with baking soda.
Nevertheless, you should be careful that some of the houseplants such as red-edged dracaena, English ivy, weeping fig, peace lily, florist’s chrysanthemum, and rubber plant may be toxic to your pets.